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Home equity loans, also known as HELOANs or second mortgages, are useful for homeowners to leverage the value accumulated in their property. These loans allow homeowners to borrow against the equity they have built up in their home — the portion of the property they truly own, free from the mortgage.
In addition to these traditional loans, homeowners also have the option of a Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC). A HELOC works similarly to a credit card, providing a revolving line of credit that homeowners can draw from as needed, up to a certain limit, and repay over time. This flexibility makes HELOCs a popular choice for ongoing projects or expenses.
For self-employed homeowners, home equity loans and HELOCs hold particular importance. The self-employed often face unique challenges in securing traditional forms of credit due to variable income streams and more complex financial records.
Let’s explore how self-employed homeowners can tap into their home equity.
No Doc Home Equity Loans
A no doc home equity loan is a type of loan where the borrower doesn’t have to provide as much documentation about their income, employment or assets as they normally would. These loans can be helpful for people who are self-employed or have non-traditional income sources, making it hard to prove their earnings through standard documents like pay stubs or tax returns.
However, because there’s less proof of the borrower’s ability to pay back the loan, no doc loans often come with higher interest rates and may require a higher amount of equity in the home.
No document home equity loan options include:
Bank Statement Loans
A bank statement loan, also known as a stated-income loan, allows lenders to use your bank statements, typically from the last 12 to 24 months, to assess your income instead of traditional income documentation like W-2 forms or tax returns.
By reviewing bank statements, lenders get a sense of the borrower’s cash flow and ability to repay the loan. This makes it easier for those with non-traditional income sources to qualify for a mortgage. Lenders will also take into account other factors such as your credit score, debt-to-income ratio and the loan’s interest rate.
Debt Service Coverage Ratio Loans
A debt service coverage ratio (DSCR) loan is only for real estate investors and allows the lender to focus on the cash flow generated by your investment property rather than your personal income. Essentially, the lender examines whether the property’s income is sufficient to cover the mortgage payments and other related expenses.
The DSCR is calculated by dividing the property’s annual net operating income by its annual mortgage debt service (including principal and interest). A DSCR greater than 1 means the property generates enough income to cover its debt obligations, which is what lenders typically look for.
Interest-Only Mortgage Loan
Depending on the lender, an interest-only mortgage can be structured as a no doc loan.
These loans allow you to only pay the interest on the borrowed amount for a set period at the beginning of the loan term. During this period, you’re not paying down the loan’s principal balance. This results in lower monthly payments initially.
However, once the interest-only period ends, your payments increase since you start paying both the principal and the interest. This type of mortgage can be useful for people who expect their income to rise in the future or who plan to sell the property before the interest-only period ends, but it also involves the risk of higher future payments.
With careful planning and responsible use, home equity loans can be a strategic tool for self-employed homeowners, enabling them to tap into their home’s value to strengthen their financial stability and achieve their personal and business goals.
Can Self-Employed Homeowners Get a HELOC?
Yes, it is possible to get a home equity line of credit (HELOC) if you’re self-employed. In fact, HELOC loans often appeal to self-employed individuals who might find it challenging to secure a traditional loan. This loan type leverages your home’s equity as collateral, classifying it as a secured loan.
Secured loans generally present fewer qualification hurdles for self-employed homeowners compared to unsecured loans like personal loans. While you’re still required to show evidence of your monthly income and satisfy certain criteria, obtaining approval for a HELOC loan is typically more feasible for self-employed individuals than standard loans.
HELOC for a Second Mortgage
There are times when unexpected expenses make the monthly bills challenging to meet. In this instance, a variable-rate HELOC would be a good choice. You’ll need to have equity in your home and the ability to take on the second mortgage loan.
A HELOC is like a credit card with a revolving credit line, and you pay back only the amount that you borrow. Once you do, it’s available for you to use again. It’s a type of safety net for difficult financial patches.
» MORE: See today’s refinance rates
If you cannot afford a second mortgage, consider refinancing your current mortgage. Self-employed homeowners can greatly benefit from a cash-out refinance as it provides access to capital. This can be crucial for various business needs, such as purchasing equipment, funding marketing campaigns or expanding operations.
By tapping into your home equity, you can secure this capital, usually at a lower interest rate than other business loans or credit options.
The funds from a cash-out refinance can also be used for various investment opportunities. Whether it’s buying additional property or investing in stocks, this can open new avenues for income generation and financial growth.